Merriam Webster lists the following among its definitions of the word revolutionary: “constituting or bringing about a major or fundamental change”. Other similar reference sources use the word innovative as a synonym. I have found myself thinking about this a great deal recently and, given these definitions, I think it is fair to say that the original Star Trek TV series of the 1960’s was revolutionary.
This begs the question, “What major or fundamental change did Star Trek bring about?”. In other words, what made it innovative? I have several answers, some of which are common knowledge even among non-fans, while others are more personal to me. Herein I will tackle them one at a time and attempt to explain each in some detail.
Star Trek depicted a future of racial and gender equality:
While it may be true that Trek was not the first TV show to place “non-whites” in prominent roles (see: I Spy with Bill Cosby opposite Robert Culp – 1965-68), it was the only one bold enough to consistently portray a human future in which skin color, national origin, gender, etc. in no way determined a character’s level of importance or ability. In Star Trek we see a multi-national crew comprised of officers both male and female who function as a completely cohesive unit; one in which individuals’ standing is rarely questioned because of race or sex.
I have heard complaints from young Star Trek fans that characters like Uhura and Sulu weren’t featured prominently enough. Certainly, I too would love to have seen more from those members of the ensemble who were co-stars. Nevertheless, anyone who has watched the bulk of episodes from the original Star Trek series can’t argue that Uhura, Sulu, and even Chekov later on weren’t given important parts to play. It was, after all, the 1960’s – a time when African and Asian Americans still had to suffer indescribable indignities in many parts of the United States and Russians were looked upon as little more than cold-war enemies.
Consider that Uhura was portrayed not only as a full Lieutenant but a competent electronics technician, a capable navigator, and an insightful, talented, and gutsy woman on top of her position as Communications Officer. Sulu too was a commissioned officer who served as a department head, deft Helmsman/Weapons Operator, accomplished botanist, and a confident commander in the absence of Kirk, Spock, and Scotty. The character of Chekov may have been the most under utilized as he was there primarily to appeal to the same young people who were fans of The Monkees. All the same, he was given plenty of time in the limelight in his role as Navigator, often being assigned to landing parties, taking the science station in Spock’s absence, and even “getting the girl” in an episode or two – to say nothing of his “national pride”.
I had a great many friends at that time who were of diverse national origin. All of them counted themselves as Star Trek fans and simply loved the characters I have described. In addition, many celebrities and public figures have cited the characters and philosophy of Star Trek as inspirational, actress/comedienne Whoopi Goldberg and astronaut Mae Jemison among them.
Star Trek was aimed at adults but appreciated equally by children:
With the possible exception of The Twilight Zone (which wasn’t necessarily science fiction anyway), there was very little believable adult sci-fi on TV or in movie serials prior to Star Trek. Much of what was being shown was intentionally written for children or quickly changed its focus to appeal to the young after otherwise promising starts (see: Lost in Space – 1965-68).
Star Trek, on the other hand, never lost sight of its adult audience. Even in its third and final season when the writing was sometimes less than stellar, the stories were often thought provoking morality tales that might not have been shown at all had they been conceived for any television series format other than sci-fi. Moreover, the series always managed to maintain a level of quality that adults could appreciate while sprinkling in more than enough action and adventure to keep kids like me (I was a little tyke when the show first aired) glued to the TV.
Star Trek engendered strong feelings of loyalty among its fans:
The above is an understatement of galactic proportion! I can think of no other television series, in any genre, that garnered the respect, devotion, and love of its fans the way Star Trek did. When rumors of cancellation began circulating during the 1967-68 TV season, fans organized a massive letter writing campaign quite possibly contributing to the renewal of the show for another year. After its network demise, Trek achieved such cult status during its run in syndication that, at one point in the mid 1970’s, fifty two percent of Americans considered themselves Star Trek fans.
Fan conventions brought out thousands when only hundreds were expected to attend. The stars of the show were highly in demand for personal appearances and were asked by organizations as prominent as NASA to be goodwill ambassadors. The show become such a cultural phenomenon that four years after its cancellation it spawned a Saturday morning cartoon and after five more years of increasing popularity was re-imagined as a major theatrical motion picture. The country’s first space shuttle was renamed Enterprise in deference to the show’s popularity. It is highly likely that the market for films like Star Wars might not have existed had it not been for Star Trek.
I could go on but I think the point has been made. If even one life is fundamentally changed by something, there is no measure of the importance of the thing. Millions of people have been affected positively by Star Trek – some in the most trivial fashion and some in life altering ways. I think Merriam Webster would agree – that is revolutionary!